Are you at risk for developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT)? St. Louis, MO, vein specialist Dr. Norman Bein of Vein Specialties shares some information on this dangerous condition and discusses treatment options.
What are DVTs?
A DVT occurs when you develop a blood clot in one of your body's deep veins. The clots are more common in the leg, but can also form in the arm. DVTs may cause a potentially life-threatening problem if they break free of the vein and travel to your lungs. When a clot stops blood from entering the lungs, death can occur. DVTs can be very damaging even if they remain in your leg or arm. Damage to the vein's valves may result in chronic pain and swelling in your arm or leg.
Who is at risk of developing a DVT?
You may be more likely to develop the condition if you:
- Are 40 or older
- Recently had surgery on your legs or hips
- Experienced a lower body injury
- Have a family history of DVTs or other vein diseases, such as varicose veins
- Smoke or have smoked in the past
- Are pregnant
- Use hormone-based birth control or take hormone replacement medication
- Are overweight or obese
- Haven't moved for long periods of time, such as when flying
What are the symptoms of DVT?
Many people experience no DVT symptoms and are only aware that they have a problem if the clot breaks free and travels to the lungs. If you do develop symptoms, you many notice pain in your arm or leg, swelling and reddened skin. Your vein may feel very firm or thick when you touch it. If you notice any of these symptoms, please call our St. Louis office immediately.
If the clot travels to your lungs, it becomes a pulmonary embolism. You may experience chest pain, coughing and shortness of breath if this happens. You may also feel nauseated and might vomit blood. Pulmonary embolisms are life-threatening emergencies. Go to the emergency room immediately if you experience these symptoms.
What is the treatment for a DVT?
Medications called anticoagulants are used to break up the clot. Medication therapy is very effective in most cases, but some people may need surgery.
Are you concerned about a possible deep vein thrombosis or another vein issues? Call St. Louis, MO, vein specialist Dr. Norman Bein of Vein Specialties at (314) 993-8233 to schedule an appointment.
Would you like to get rid of your unattractive spider veins? Dr. Norman Bein, a general, vascular and thoracic surgeon at Vein Specialties in St. Louis, MO, shares some information about the veins and discusses spider vein treatment options.
Why do I have spider veins?
Spider veins can develop due to a variety of reasons, including:
- Hormone level changes
- Exposure to the sun
- Standing for hours every day
- A family history of the veins
Spider veins develop when increased pressure in the veins cause them to dilate or widen. When that happens, the blue or red veins will be very noticeable just under your skin.
What can I do about spider veins?
Spider veins aren't usually harmful to your health but they can be unsightly. If you want to get rid of your spider veins before summer weather hits the St. Louis area, now is the time to consider treatment options.
Sclerotherapy, a popular treatment option, is every effective in eliminating the veins. During sclerotherapy, sodium tetradecyl sulphate is injected into your spider veins. The treatment gets rid of the veins by causing scarring that prevents blood from flowing through them. The blood that would normally travel through the spider veins is rerouted to nearby veins.
It usually takes three or more treatments to treat a spider vein, but once the vein stops carrying blood, it will no longer be noticeable. Sclerotherapy treatment usually isn't painful, although you might notice a little itching or swelling afterward. If the spider veins are in your leg, wearing compression stockings for 72 hours improves the effectiveness of the treatment because it prevents the sodium solution from flowing out of your veins.
Laser treatment is also a good option for spider veins, particularly those that form in the face. During laser therapy, a beam of light is aimed at your veins, damaging the walls. You may feel a little stinging or warming sensation when the laser penetrates your skin, but your skin will be cooled before and after treatment to minimize discomfort. After treatment, mild bruising, itching and swelling may occur.
Don't let spider veins detract from your appearance. Call Dr. Bein at Vein Specialties in St. Louis, MO, at (314) 993-8233 to schedule an appointment to discuss spider vein treatment options.
Having varicose veins can be uncomfortable; many people find them unsightly, so they wear clothes to keep them covered even in hot weather. Other people experience pain within the veins, which makes enjoying normal activities difficult. At Vein Specialties in St. Louis, Missouri, Dr. Norman Bein and his staff want to help people reduce their discomfort and improve their appearance with skin rejuvenation treatments specifically designed to eliminate varicose and spider veins. Many patients have questions about these treatments, so we've answered a few of them here.
What are varicose veins?
When blood vessels close to the surface of the skin become enlarged, they are known as varicose veins. They can be blue, purple or red in color; the larger veins can be "ropey" and "puffy" and the smaller capillaries appear as tiny web-like strands known as spider veins. Some varicose veins can be painful, especially after long periods of sitting. Your St. Louis vein specialist can typically diagnose varicose veins through a quick ultrasound examination and discussion of your medical history.
Will varicose veins go away on their own?
Women often develop varicose veins during pregnancy due to hormones; many times, these veins recede after birth. However, most people have a genetic predisposition to varicose veins, meaning that if your parents or another close relative dealt with them, your own chances of having them are fairly high. Unfortunately, there's not much you can do to prevent varicose veins, and they typically worsen with age.
How can my varicose veins be treated?
There are several ways our St. Louis vein specialists can treat your varicose veins. Laser treatments or minimally invasive surgical procedures are performed in-office, and insurance covers painful varicose vein treatments. Recovery times short and the results more quickly apparent. All the treatments available are aimed at collapsing the varicose veins, which will then cause the body to absorb them. The discoloration and discomfort associated with the veins will be minimized or eliminated, giving your skin a more youthful appearance.
If you're tired of dealing with varicose veins, we here at Vein Specialties in St. Louis, Missouri, can help you! Contact our office to schedule a consultation appointment today!
Do you have unsightly varicose veins? Find out how they could be eliminated.
Varicose veins: this unsightly little issue may not be serious to your health but it can make you embarrassed to wear shorts or skirts during the warmer months. Varicose veins is an inherited condition. While anyone can get varicose veins, these visibly enlarged veins tend to affect women more. If you have varicose veins that you desperately want to get rid of, our St. Louis, MO vein specialist, Dr. Norman Bein has answers on how to treat this cosmetic issue.
What can cause varicose veins?
There are many things that can be responsible for the development of varicose veins including:
- Hormonal fluctuations (e.g. pregnancy; menopause, taking birth control pills)
- Occupations that require you to stand for long periods of time
- A personal history of blood clots
- Trauma to the skin
What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
Those with varicose veins are also more likely to experience cramping, pain, restlessness, burning, tingling or even heaviness in their legs. Those with varicose veins may find that their symptoms actually get better when elevating their feet or when wearing compression stockings.
What are some ways to treat varicose veins?
Firstly, an evaluation by a board-certified surgeon, vascular trained like Dr. Norman Bein is important. This will include an ultrasound examination. We also have a Vascular Technologist that performs their own exams at the same time as your visit. If there are symptoms such as heaviness, aching, pain, cramping, skin discoloration and restlessness we will recommend a trial of conservative treatment including compression hose, exercise, elevating legs, or taking an anti-inflammatory medication such as Advil or Aleve.
Compression stockings: You can find these medical stockings at your local pharmacy in many different styles and they can help to reduce some of your pain and discomfort.
Changes to your lifestyle: If obesity is causing your varicose veins, you can manage your symptoms by dedicating time and energy to exercise, eating healthier and losing weight to maintain a healthier weight.
The length of time varies from insurance plans. All the treatment options will be discussed but they are all done in the office under local anesthetic. Walk in, walk out. Recovery time is short and most people are out and about the next day. If we have found an underlying reflux (backflow) in a saphenous vein, this is sealed from the inside using a laser. The actual varicose veins are removed through tiny punctures, no stitches needed. After healing, there will be little or no marks and you are ready to show off your legs.
If you want to finally say goodbye to varicose veins then it’s time you scheduled a consultation with Vein Specialties in St. Louis, MO. Revel in the freedom of being able to confidently wear shorts and bathing suits again!
How long do the results of varicose vien treatment last?
QUESTION: I'm in my early 30's. My doctor said that my varicose vein will be a lifelong problem because it is inherited and genetic. If I get treated, how long can I expect the results to last? How often would I have to go in to get EVLT treatments?
ANSWER: Your doctor is correct that this is an inherited condition. There are really only 4 main veins (long and short saphenous veins in each leg) which are affected although there are some branches which can also be a problem. If you have symptomatic varicose veins caused by the reflux (pain, heaviness, aching, cramping, swelling, RLS etc) and have failed conservative therapy such as compression hose, anti-inflammatory pain meds, elevating, exercise, weight loss etc. you are a candidate for laser ablation. Not everyone has all of the veins causing problems and only veins leading to the symptoms should be treated. We often see people for second opinions who have been told they need to have 7 or 8 ablations and multiple injection treatments. It is very rare that a person has all of these veins fail and those that do are severely affected by them. if you have one saphenous vein causing your varicose veins directly, that would be the vein Dr. Bein would ablate first. You can always be evaluated later if symptoms start again in another area.
How can you tell if spider veings are a sign of venous reflux/insufficiency?
QUESTION: Aside from an ultrasound exam, are there any telltale signs that they could be something deeper? I have several spider veins on the outside of both thighs, and 3-4 on the back of my right knee. My mom has had spider veins since she was in high school, but I only noticed mine a couple months ago. I'm 28. I currently have no symptoms, but am terrified that it could be a sign of something more serious. I've read that they can also occur without venous reflux?
ANSWER: The spider veins on the outside of the thighs are very common in women. These are in the line of the lateral subdermic system and are easily treated with sclerotherapy (injections). It is rare to find them related to anything serious and are considered cosmetic. The few you have behind the knees are most likely from the same system. We evaluate all patients with spider veins to rule out deeper problems which will allay your anxiety. We use transillumination to see the "feeder" veins below the surface and treat these.
I have spider veins in my leg, but they are not painful, shoud I be concerned?
ANSWER: Do not be concerned. Spider veins are not a serious problem and mostly cosmetic. These can be treated safely with injection sclerotherapy and/or laser. Several treatments are usually needed, but this varies from person to person. The reason most people come to our clinic is for self-esteem - they are too embarrassed to wear short skirts, pants or swimsuits.
Can I get compression stockings over the counter from a pharmacise if I've been measured?
QUESTION: I suffer from varicose veins in my lower legs and also thighs. One leg is more swollen than the other, with the veins being quite prominent and painful. Do I need to get a referral from my general practitioner to be measured for compression stockings, or can I go into my local pharmacy to get measured for them and purchase them? My GP has mentioned that I may find them beneficial.
ANSWER: Firstly, I would recommend you be evaluated by a vascular trained surgeon including ultrasound to see if you have an underlying venous reflux problem (back flow in veins). He/she will be able to recommend the most appropriate strength and type of hose (thigh or calf length). Many clinics will dispense a higher grade of hose than the local pharmacy and this is important for comfort. We choose to carry Sigvaris. If the hose are not correctly measured or comfortable you will not wear them. Compression is important is establishing if the symptoms are alleviated somewhat prior to treating and for insurance coverage. Also, if there is reflux it means blood is not flowing correctly and this can cause superficial blood clots which are painful. Hose will keep the varicose veins compressed and improve the blood flow in the legs not to mention you will be more comfortable.
I have a large blue vein under my right eye that I'm finally ready to get rid of. I'm not sure if this requires a plastic surgeon or vascular surgeon.
ANSWER: Treatment of blue veins around the eyes is an advanced technique and should only be performed by experienced practitioners. They can be injected (sclerotherapy), removed (phlebectomy) or treated with laser. We mostly use a laser in our clinic with excellent results but in some cases use the other two modalities. We have undergone advanced training to do so and use the Cutera 1064 Yag laser.
No compression hose after small microphlebectomy
QUESTION: I have 2 small reticular veins that are varicose. My doctor is going to do a Microphlebectomy. He said due to the size it won't even be necessary to wear compression hose after. He also stated there is no chance of DVT. Does this sound accurate?
ANSWER: I am sure you will have a dressing on the area after the treatment for several days. If the areas is limited you may be ok without hose. While there is little or no risk of DVT from such a small and limited area, you will find this on your consent form which is routine for almost any procedure (including dental).
The veins in my legs hurt and swell so much during my menstrual cycle that it's hard to walk. What's going on?
QUESTION: I'm 26 and have 2 kids. The veins in my legs hurt and swell so much during my menstrual cycle that it's hard to walk. What's going on?
ANSWER: During menstrual cycles and pregnancy the veins dilate. Since you have had 2 pregnancies, it is possible that you have venous reflux causing swelling and pain. There are valves in the veins which carry the blood back to the heart for re-oxygenation and if they fail (usually an inherited condition made worse by pregnancy) the blood "pools" in the lower legs. I would recommend an evaluation including an ultrasound to see if this is the case. Either way, they can measure and fit you into a compression stocking (not your grandmother's stockings!!) to be worn a few days before and through your menstrual cycle. Taking Ibuprofen 200- 400 mgs several times a day will help reduce the inflammation and pain. Elevating your legs often will also help. If you have venous reflux, the treatment options are all minimally invasive, little or no down time (important if you have small kids) and covered by most insurance plans.
This website includes materials that are protected by copyright, or other proprietary rights. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use, as defined in the copyright laws, requires the written permission of the copyright owners.